The 2300 Day Prophecy of Daniel 8

“Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed”
(Daniel 8:14).

In Daniel 7:9-10, Daniel sees the setting up of the supreme court of the universe in heaven’s sanctuary. Gabriel tells Daniel that after 2300 days this judgment would cleanse the heavenly sanctuary (Daniel 8:14).

A Day of Atonement

In the typical sanctuary service the sanctuary was cleansed on the Day of Atonement. On this day the sins of Israel that had accumulated in the sanctuary all year long were removed. If anyone had unconfessed sins that hadn’t been transferred to the sanctuary, they were banished from the camp. Consequently, this was a time for afflicting the soul because it was a time of judgment (Leviticus 16:29-30, Leviticus 23:27-29). The antitypical heavenly judgment that the Hebrew Day of Atonement typified is God’s final judgment on sin that would take place at the end of time (Daniel 8:17, 19).

A Bit of Explanation

A 70 week prophecy (Daniel 9:22-24) is linked together with the 2300 day prophecy. It is an explanation and expansion of the 2300 day prophecy. In it, 70 weeks would pass before the messianic prophecies in Daniel 9:24 would take place. Also, this amount of time was given to the Jews to determine whether they would turn from their rebellious ways and accept their mission to announce the Messiah to the world.

To understand these prophecies we must understand that a day equals a year in Bible prophecy. “I have appointed thee each day for a year” (Ezekiel 4:6). “After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even 40 days, each day for a year…” (Number 14:34).

Reckoning the 2300 Day Prophecy

This entire prophetic period begins from the “going forth of the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem.” Jerusalem was destroyed in 587/586 BC. The Medes and Persians overthrew Babylon in 539 BC, and the Persian king, Artaxerxes, passed a decree in 457 BC that allowed the Jews to return to their homeland to rebuild Jerusalem (Ezra 7:12-13). Adding 2300 years to 457 brings us to 1844 AD.

A Work and Announcement of Judgment

This means that we are living in the great antitypical Day of Atonement, the final time of judgment before the end of the world. Revelation 14 states that at this time judgment will be announced. Consequently, there will be an Elijah people to cooperate with the three angels in announcing it. Like Israel of old, we should confess our sins and afflict our souls in cooperation with Jesus in His solemn work, and then, like Elijah of old, we must call this judgment to the attention of the whole earth.

Additional Evidence

“But Christ being come an high priest…by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us” (Hebrews 9:11-12).

This passage says that Christ went into the holy place on His ascension to heaven. Sometime thereafter, according to the Jewish type, He must go from the holy place into the most holy place. The only prophecy in the Bible that could point to this time is the 2300 day prophecy. This means we have a date when Jesus could go into the most holy place.

Translation Confusion Clarified

Some translations render the above verse to say that Jesus went into the most holy place on his ascension (translating it hagia hagion instead of just hagia like we find it in the KJV). However, there is a logical problem with this translation.

If Jesus went to heaven to serve in most holy place of the sanctuary at His ascension, and Hebrews 9 says that He entered by His own precious blood, then when did He serve in the holy place of the sanctuary? It must have been before He came to this earth, and at time He didn’t yet have His own blood with which to serve. In other words, Jesus could not have entered the most holy place when He went to heaven because it was the first time He had come to the heavenly sanctuary with His own blood.

The logical conclusion is that Jesus must have gone into the most holy place at some time later than His ascension. The only date we have for this to happen is 1844, so 1844 stands.